Basic Boxing: Early Pains and Strains

Boxing training isn’t easy. New boxers have to deal with soreness, and a lot of it.

Here is a list of the aches and pains experienced by all boxing beginners, and some tips to help you deal with the soreness.

Shoulder soreness

When you practice new punches, the number one problem is shoulder soreness. The front of your shoulders — called the anterior deltoid muscle — is a small, relatively weak muscle that doesn’t typically get very much training during normal workout routines.

In boxing workout routines however, this muscle is heavily stressed.

The only way to deal with shoulder soreness is to work your shoulders over and over until you build up your muscular endurance. While you can try to punch your way into shape by relying on shadow boxing and other punching drills to improve your shoulder fitness, many boxers also use light dumbbells (2 to 5 pounds maximum) and very high reps during a shoulder workout. Either way, until you build up the endurance in your shoulders, this will be the weak link that holds back the rest of your training.

It’s virtually impossible to overwork a muscle if you are training it exclusively for muscular endurance, so while it’s OK to rest the muscle, make sure you get at least 3 days per week of good, hard shoulder training. This should get your shoulders in shape so you can participate fully in a proper boxing training session.
Elbow soreness from boxing training

Sore elbows caused by boxing training is serious. Soreness in this area can represent two serious problems:

* Ligament damage in the elbow joint
* Tendon damage near the elbow

In either case, you must rest until the soreness goes away. Then, when you feel OK to train again, you have to make sure not to reinjure yourself.

To avoid this sort of injury, never fully extend (or hyperextend) your elbow joints during shadow boxing (especially if you are punching hard and fast). Your jab gets its speed and power from the rotation of your shoulder joint, not from the (hyper)extension of your elbow — always remember that.
Sore wrists

Lots of people experience sore wrists when they start using the heavy bag.

To avoid it:

* Learn proper technique.
* Start with the straight punches like the jab and straight right.
* Don’t practice the hooks and uppercuts (at full power) until later, when your wrists get stronger.
* Always wrap your wrists with handwraps.
* Wear padded gloves so you can punch with proper technique.